Definition of an Affiliate

The definition of an affiliate is an individual who is in a position to control or influence the actions of a corporation. This includes people such as directors, executives, and owners. Sometimes referred to as a “control person,” or a person in a “control relationship “with the company.

Further Explanation

The SEC staff and the courts utilize two rather imprecise tests in determining who is a control person, or using the terminology of Rule 144 – an “affiliate.”

  1. First, does the person in question have the power to direct corporate management and policies?
  2. Secondly, does the individual have the power to compel the Issuer to file a 1933 Act registration statement covering a proposed sale?

Obviously these tests are largely subjective. Most securities lawyers take the position that, generally, all corporate directors as well as senior officers of a corporation are control persons of that corporation for Securities Act of 1933 purposes. Corporate officers below that level, as well as officers and directors of subsidiaries are, generally, not presumed to be control persons. The identity and number of 1933 Act control persons will vary from company to company.

Definition of an Affiliate

With regard to the 1933 Act control status, it is clear that corporate officerships or directorships are not the only defining characteristic in determining whether or not one is still considered a control person. Large share ownership is also indicative of control status. However, again, there is no precise test such as the 10% test applied to certain insiders under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. It largely depends upon the conditions surrounding each case. For example, persons occupying a certain relationship with a control person may themselves treated as control persons. A relative or spouse of a control person living in the same home is also a control person. Any relative of a control person’s spouse – for instance, a mother-in-law sharing the same home – may also be found to be a control person.

Definition of an Affiliate in Summary

Therefore, in summary, according to the definition of an affiliate, you may or may not be considered a control person depending upon your ongoing relationship with the company, your relationship with other control persons, or your continued ownership of a large block of the company’s shares.